Paraguay
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currency: Guarani (PYG)
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Paraguay profile
landlocked;

lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil;

population concentrated in southern part of country
Paraguay history
Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. The country stagnated economically for the next half century. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since the country's return to democracy.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Paraguay

Conventional short form: Paraguay

Local long form: Republica del Paraguay

Local short form: Paraguay
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Paraguay's capital city is Asuncion
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Paraguay Constitution:

promulgated 20 June 1992
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Paraguay population growth rate: 1.26%
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Paraguay highest point: Cerro Pero 842 m
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Paraguay lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
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About 7% of Paraguay's land is arable.
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Paraná River is the Longest River in Paraguay
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Paraguay birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
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Paraguay infant mortality rate is 22 deaths/1,000 live births
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Paraguay fertility rate is 2.01 children born/woman
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Paraguay climate:

subtropical to temperate;
substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
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Top 10 cities of Paraguay with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Asunción: 512,112
2. Ciudad del Este: 222,274
3. San Lorenzo: 204,356
4. Luque: 170,986
5. Capiatá: 154,274
6. Lambaré: 119,795
7. Fernando de la Mora: 113,560
8. Limpio: 73,158
9. Ñemby: 71,909
10. Encarnación: 67,173
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Paraguay ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) - 95%
Other - 5%
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Paraguay Exports:

soybeans
feed
cotton
meat
edible oils
wood
leather
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Paraguay Imports:

road vehicles
consumer goods
tobacco
petroleum products
electrical machinery
tractors
chemicals
vehicle parts
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bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento).
1. Alto Paraguay
2. Alto Parana
3. Amambay
4. Boqueron
5. Caaguazu
6. Caazapa
7. Canindeyu
8. Central
9. Concepcion
10. Cordillera
11. Guaira
12. Itapua
13. Misiones
14. Neembucu
15. Paraguari
16. Presidente Hayes
17. San Pedro
and 1 capital city: Asuncion
Political parties and leaders:
Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party (ANR) - Lilian SAMANIEGO
Avanza Pais coalition - Mario FERREIRO
Broad Front coalition (Frente Guazu) (FG) - Fernando Armindo LUGO Mendez
Movimiento Popolar Tekojoja (Tekojoja) - Sixto PEREIRA
Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos (UNACE) - Lino Cesar OVIEDO Silva
Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) (PPQ) - Sebastian ACHA
Partido del Movimiento al Socialismo (P-MAS) - Camilo Ernesto SOARES Machado
Partido Democratica Progresista (PDP) - Rafael Augusto FILIZZOLA Serra
Partido Encuentro Nacional (PEN) - Fernando CAMACHO Paredes
Partido Liberal Radical Autentico (PLRA) - Blas Antonio LLANO Ramos
Partido Pais Solidario (PPS) - Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares